In 2020 the percentage of the population receiving a new illness-related IV/AI (Invalidity Insurance) pension was 0.28% or 15'004 people.

This figure peaked in 2003 (0.53%) and since that time has been halved. Over time men are slightly more likely than women to receive an IV/AI pension than women. Of all the illness-related IV/AI pensions, mental illness continue to be the most common cause (2020: 0.14%). 

This indicator is part of the Monitoring System Addiction and NCD (MonAM) of the Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH).

Non-communicable diseases can lead to premature departures from the labour market. This implies costs for the State, the economy, the individual and the healthcare system. This indicator shows the percentage of new IV/AI pensions allocated each year by different illnesses (mental illness, nervous system, bone and musculoskeletal and other diseases).

The indicator allows estimates to be made of the illness-related disability risk of different population groups.


IV/AI pensions = Invalidity insurance pensions

This indicator was calculated on the basis of data from the Invalidity Insurance Statistics (IV/AI statistics).

It shows the percentage of the permanent resident population (age: 18–Retirement age) receiving a new IV/AI pension due to illness. The indicator considers premature departures from the labour market.

The cause of illness is divided into four sub-categories:

  • mental illness
  • nervous system
  • bone and musculoskeletal
  • other diseases

The IV/AI statistics are not broken down into further detail as the coding of the individual categories of disorders is sometimes lacking in definition. It should also be noted that multiple morbidities and complex health problems cannot be shown with the current coding system.

A disability pension is only awarded after the possibility of professional (re)integration has been examined. Persons are entitled to a pension when they have had an incapacity to work of at least 40% for a minimum of one year without significant interruption and if after this year an inability to earn a living of at least 40% persists (cf. Art. 7 GSSLA). The minimum age is 18. Entitlement to a pension terminates at the latest when the person reaches retirement age. The causes can be congenital disorders, accidents and diseases.

The trend in new pensions can be attributed to various factors. The phase of growth up until 2003 is largely related to the increase of new IV/AI pensions due to mental illness. The main reason for the continuous decline in new pensions that set in from 2004 was the establishment of regional medical services (4th IV/AI revision), the more restrictive practice of the IV/AI offices regarding allocation of pensions as well as the positive effects of the new integration tool introduced in the 5th IV/AI revision that aims to detect at an early stage insured persons who are at risk of disability. More detailed analyses on the relevance of the various influencing factors have been made in the context of the IV/AI research programme.


Further information

  • Federal Act on General Aspects of Social Security Law: in Germanin Frenchin Italian
  • Federal Act on Invalidity Insurance in Germanin Frenchin Italian
  • Federal Social Insurance Office: Research Programme in Germanin French,  in Italian
  • IV/AI statistics (Annual reports 2014-2020). Federal Social Insurance Office, Bern: Reports in Germanin French
  • Leistungen der Invalidenversicherung. Informationsstelle AHV/IV: Merkblatt (in German), Prestations de l’assurance-invalidité. Centre d’information AVS-AI: mémento (in French), Prestazioni dell’assicurazione invalidità. Centro d’informazione AVS/AI: promemoria  (in Italian)

Media enquiries

Federal Office of Public Health FOPH
Tel. +41 58 462 95 05

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