In 2020, there were 9.8 hospital admissions per 1000 inhabitants in Switzerland in connection with a substance-related disorder (main or secondary diagnosis). Compared to 2012, the trend is slightly upwards. The most frequent hospital admissions are related to alcohol (6.2 per 1000 inhabitants). A dependence syndrome is by far the most frequent diagnosis for all substances. In total, as well as for almost every substance individually, significantly fewer hospital admissions in connection with substance-related disorders are recorded for women than for men –  with the exception of sedatives or hypnotic drugs.

This indicator is part of the Monitoring System Addiction and NCD (MonAM) of the Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH).

The consumption of psychoactive substances can have harmful effects. One such negative impact is shown by this indicator - hospital admissions due to substance-related disorders. It incorporates a series of illegal (such as opioids and cannabinoids) and legal (such as alcohol and tobacco) substances.  The indicator also provides information (optional) on the type of disorder.

The strategy for addiction seeks to create a network bringing together medical and psychiatric service providers with those from the fields of social medicine and psychosocial care, founded on knowledge about the type and scope of treatment available in acute hospitals and psychiatric clinics.

Definition

This indicator is calculated using data from the Hospital Medical Statistics. Data is available annually. It shows the rate of hospital admissions due to substance-related disorders in somatic or psychiatric clinics per 1000 population. Data are standardised according to the age structure of the European standard population in 2010 (European Commission, 2013).

Total hospital admissions include all cases for which a main or secondary diagnosis was made of a mental or behavioural disorder due to the following psychotropic substances (according to the ICD-10-GM:  F10-F19 classification.

  • Alcohol
  • Opioids
  • Cannabis
  • Sedatives or hypnotics
  • Cocaine
  • Other stimulants
  • Hallucinogens
  • Tobacco
  • Inhalants
  • Multiple substance use and other psychotropic substances

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Sources

References

  • Marmet, S., et al. (2017). Hospitalisierungen aufgrund von Alkoholintoxikation oder Alkoholabhängigkeit bei Jugendlichen und Erwachsenen – Eine Analyse der Schweizerischen „Medizinischen Statistik der Krankenhäuser“ 2003 bis 2014 (Forschungsbericht Nr. 92). Sucht Schweiz, Lausanne: Report (in German).
  • Revision of the European Standard Population — Report of Eurostat's task force (2013). European Commission. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, p. 121: Report.

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Last updated

11/01/2022