This indicator is currently being revised as new data is available.

As part of the national HBSC study in 2018, 11 young people aged 14 to 15 indicated that they had diabetes. This is 0,3% of the random sample of young people in this age group. Four of the affected young people said they had type 1 and seven type 2.

This indicator is part of the Monitoring System Addiction and NCD (MonAM) of the Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH).

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease; there are two different types. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that often appears during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes is the body’s inability to properly use the insulin it produces. This type of diabetes – which could be avoided in many cases – is closely related to life style and can occur in people who are obese or who have insufficient physical activity. A permanently high level of blood sugar can lead to cardiovascular diseases or in some cases to an early death.

In Switzerland, children and young people are rarely affected by diabetes.

This indicator shows the percentage of 14 and 15 year-olds who indicated that they had type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The information is based on the assessment made by the young people themselves.


This indicator is based on the Swiss survey of pupils 'Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC)'.

The indicator shows the percentage of 14 and 15 year-olds in state schools who indicated that they had type 1 diabetes and those who indicated that they had type 2 diabetes.

The indicator is based on the question 'Do you have a physical disability, a chronic illness or chronic disease diagnosed by a doctor?'  The following diseases were mentioned: physical disability / asthma /  type 1 diabetes / type 2 diabetes / hay fever / attention deficiency disorder with and without hyperactivity (ADHS or ADS) / other long-term illness. The answer categories per illness were 'yes / no'. Only 14 to 15 year-olds were asked this question.


Further information

  • Addiction Switzerland. Swiss HBSC study: Website
  • Ambord, S. et al. (2020). Gesundheit und Wohlbefinden der 11- bis 15-jährigen Jugendlichen in der Schweiz im Jahr 2018 und zeitliche Entwicklung - Resultate der Studie “Health Behaviour in School-aged Children” (HBSC). Sucht Schweiz, Lausanne: Report (in German) 
  • Fürst, T. & Probst-Hensch, N. (2020). Diabetes mellitus. Burden of disease and treatment in Switzerland (Obsan report 10/2020) Neuchâtel: Swiss Health Observatory: Report (in German)
  • HBSC International Coordinating Centre: International HBSC study: Website
  • Swiss Diabetes Association: Website

Media enquiries

Federal Office of Public Health FOPH
Tel. +41 58 462 95 05

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